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Info Sheets


Chilblains   In winter podiatrists see more patients that present with chilblains. This is because chilblains are a medical condition that is due to an abnormal skin reaction to the cold. Chilblains appear on the skin as small itchy patches that are swollen, discoloured and painful. The discolouration may be pink, red, blue or white.Why do chilblains develop?Your extremities are more p...
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Hot or Cold for Pain Relief

Hot or cold?  What is best on an injury?  After an injury, you might want to use an ice pack - or would heat be better.  We will look at the pros and cons of hot vs cold in treating various injuries.Icing Icing involves placing something cold onto the skin to decrease the temperature of muscles, tendons and other tissues in  the area. It is best used for injuries that have just occurre...
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Sports Injury Treatment: RICE

Kids Sports Injury Treatment: RICE   It’s that time of year again to sign your kids up for winter sporting teams. Whether it is soccer, netball, hockey, and the list goes on. During the sporting season the occasional rolled or sprained ankle may occur especially in sports which require a lot of running and change of direction. Therefore it is valuable for parents to be familiar with RICE, an a...
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Lisfranc injury

What is a Lisfranc injury?The foot has two major joints that allow you to walk across uneven surfaces. One of these joints runs crossways across the mid section of the foot, as shown in the diagram. It is where the small block-like bones from the back of the foot join onto the base of the long thin bones that run down to the ground in the ball of the foot.These days, this is mostly referre...
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Osgood Schlatter ‘s Disease

Osgood Schlatter 's Disease Osgood Schlatter 's disease is a condition that affects the small growth plate that exists at the 'bump' at the very top of the shin bone, directly below the kneecap (patella). The bump is called the tibial tuberosity and it is prominent because the patella tendon attaches to the bone there.  The patella tendon is part of the big muscle group called the Quadriceps on t...
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Raynaud’s Syndrome / Disease / Phenomenon.

Raynaud's Syndrome: Raynaud's syndrome is a  medical condition that causes discoloration of the fingers and toes like that shown in the picture to the right.  It is a 'vasospastic' disease meaning that it occurs when the muscles around the small blood vessels in the tips of the digits go into spasm. This squeezes all of the blood out of the area. The muscle spasm is probably caused by a problem w...
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Tarsal Coalition

Tarsal Coalition also known as Peroneal Spastic Flatfoot  : Calcaneonavicular bar : Talocalcaneal bar What is a Tarsal Coalition ?The term ‘tarsal’ refers to the seven bones in the back half of the foot.  ‘Coalition’ means two becoming one. A tarsal coalition is an abnormal bridge of material that connects two of these foot bones that should be entirely separate from each other with a normal jo...
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Food, Diet & Gout

Gout Food and DietOur podiatry patients often seek our advice about how best to avoid gout.  This guide provides general information about reducing the risk of gout attacks by changing your diet. It is general advice only.  Please seek individual advice if you have other medical conditions such as diabetes or food allergies. What is Gout ? You may also like to read our Gout and Your Feet Info S...
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What makes a wart a ‘plantar’ wart?

Plantar wart The term ‘plantar’ just refers to the bottom of your foot.  A wart on your hand would be a palmar wart, on your face, a facial wart etc. It is not a special variety of wart, just a really bad place to have one.Why are Plantar Warts so Painful? On the weight bearing areas of the foot though, the lump is pressed into the skin to sit flush. Normally, your skin is arranged in such a...
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Sweaty Feet & Smelly Feet

Sweaty feet / Smelly feet / HyperhidrosisThis article will discuss normal sweating creating odour and excessive sweating of the hands and feet.Perspiration has a purpose in humans. Its evaporation allows the skin to cool and the body to get rid of excess heat.  Unfortunately, wearing shoes all day stops this evaporation from occurring and allows the sweat to stay close to the skin.  This...
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